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Debian default desktop environment

Willkommen zum Debian Desktop Umgebungs-Portal Debian unterstützt verschiedenste Arten grafischer Umgebungen, von den voll ausgestatteten Benutzerumgebungen Gnome und KDE , zu einfacheren Umgebungen wie Xfce und LXDE , zu leichteren Fenstermanagern wie Openbox und gekachelten Fenstermanagern wie Wmii install the desktops, use lightDM select box to select the desktop you want to log into, then . if you want to dig in further into lightDM, https://wiki.ubuntu.com/LightDM BW-user

de/DesktopEnvironment - Debian Wik

  1. g at, specially on which users. But, for normal users, Gnome 3 is a way better experience than Xfce
  2. Cinnamon, like MATE, was developed based on GNOME 2 and it is currently the default desktop environment for Linux Mint. Cinnamon offers native transparency and great Desktop effects by default, by default Cinnamon allows to add nice extensions such as desktop cube, watermark and other functional effects. Installing Cinnamon on Debian
  3. And here: http://anonscm.debian.org/gitweb/?p=tas .git;a=log. switch default desktop task to xfce. This ensures that the desktop will fit on CD#1, which gnome currently does not. There may be other reasons to prefer xfce as the default as well, but that. is a complex and subjective topic
  4. Select a Desktop Environment. To select the desktop environment that the debian-installer installs, enter Advanced options on the boot screen and scroll down to Alternative desktop environments. Otherwise, debian-installer will choose GNOME. KDE is of course a renowned, heavy alternative

init's environment, including PATH, is defined in its source code and cannot be changed at run time. init runs the start-up scripts from /lib/systemd/system (under systemd) or /etc/rc?.d based on the run level set in /etc/inittab (under sysvinit) If no specific desktop environment is selected, but the Debian desktop environment is, the default which ends up installed is determined by tasksel: on i386 and amd64, it's GNOME, on other architectures, it's XFCE In this article I go over lightdm configuration. This will teach you how to modify lightdm to choose a default desktop environment, theme, auto, and even a VNC connection. Reference Articles: Ubuntu Wiki Arch Wiki Debian Wiki. Installation. For Debian based systems, install LightDM by typing sudo apt install lightd To tell Debian 10 to start the graphical desktop environment by default on boot, run the following command: $ sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target. The graphical desktop environment should be set as the default target. Now, reboot your Debian 10 machine with the following command: $ sudo reboot References: . Debian default desktop environment. From: Undefined User <unknowuser01@gmail.com> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Dmitry Smirnov <onlyjob@debian.org> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Chris Bannister <cbannister@slingshot.co.nz> Re: Debian default desktop environment

Install a new Debian system with Xfce. During Debian installation, select Xfce desktop environment at the Selecting and Installing Software installation step. Alternatively, at the Debian Installer boot prompt, press the Tab key to edit the command line, then add desktop=xfce. For a complete rundown refer to the Debian Desktop Howto Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Stephan Seitz <stse+debian@fsing.rootsland.net> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Hashem Nasarat <hnasarat@gmail.com> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Wookey <wookey@wookware.org> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Kevin Chadwick <ma1l1ists@yahoo.co.uk> Re: Debian.

Follow-Ups: . Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Jean-Christophe Dubacq <jcdubacq1@free.fr> References: . Debian default desktop environment. From: Undefined User <unknowuser01@gmail.com> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Dmitry Smirnov <onlyjob@debian.org> Re: Debian default desktop environment Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Gunnar Wolf <gwolf@gwolf.org> References: Debian default desktop environment. From: Undefined User <unknowuser01@gmail.com> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Dmitry Smirnov <onlyjob@debian.org> Re: Debian default desktop environment. From: Chris Bannister <cbannister@slingshot.co.nz> Sie können mit den Metapaketen lxdeund lxqtinstalliert werden. → https://lxde.org/. → https://lxqt.org/. Cinnamonund MATEbegannen beide, als GNOME 3 sich vom traditionellen Desktop-Paradigma entfernte und das übliche Panel und sein Menü zugunsten der neuen, suche-basierten Shell fallen ließ Each Linux distribution comes with a single default desktop environment chosen from the many different desktop environments available for Linux.But you don't have to stick with the default. Switching desktop environments is as simple as installing a software package and selecting your preferred environment on the screen, known as a display manager

[SOLVED] changing default desktop environment in debia

rom the 2nd: To select the desktop environment that the debian-installer installs, enter Advanced options on the boot screen and scroll down to Alternative desktop environments. Otherwise, debian-installer will choose GNOME. It say pretty clear,.. other wise debian-installer will choose Gnome While Debian 9 features GNOME 3.22 as a default desktop environment, you can deploy options such as Xfce, KDE Plasma or Mate. MySQL has been replaced by MariaDB in this version. Also, the release has Firefox and Thunderbird in their original flavours. Replaced packages from past version. The new Debian version comes with a total of 51,687 packages. Notably, the development team has replaced. By default, Debian 10 desktop environment will not start automatically even though you have installed KDE Plasma 5 desktop environment on your Debian 10 machine. Debian 10 will start in headless mode. To tell Debian 10 to start the graphical desktop environment by default on boot, run the following command: $ sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target. The graphical desktop environment should. However, GNOME 3 desktop environment on Debian 10 uses the Wayland display server by default. So, you must use the X11 display server instead of the VNC server Vino to work on the Debian 10 GNOME 3 desktop environment. To switch to the X11 display server, log out from the GNOME 3 desktop environment as shown in the screenshot below. To confirm the logout operation, click on Log Out as marked.

I'm a Debian user for almost 8 years now and I've always supported the OS on the internet, trying to bring more people to it. The problem is that right now Debian project is changing its default desktop environment, and I think that this is not a good move. Of course, it all depends on where the project is aiming at, specially on which users. But, for normal users, Gnome 3 is a way better. What are the installed defaults and configuration settings? Our aim is produced an image as close as possible to a plain, basic Debian install. That is, we don't provide an image preloaded with a desktop environment, programming tools, enabled services, nor any other niceties.You get a simple Debian system, as close as possible as we believe you can get to what d-i would yield

The core Debian Desktop team will ensure that your work is integrated. So here's some things you can do: Test our Desktop Default Environment task (or kde-desktop task), installing one of our next release testing images and send feedback to the debian-desktop mailing list . Work on debian-installer . The GTK+ frontend needs you From the diff at the bottom of the page, it is changing from XFCE to GNOME: Template: tasksel/desktop Type: multiselect Choices: gnome, kde, xfce, lxde, cinnamon, mate -Default: xfce +Default: gnome Description: The desktop environment to install when the desktop task is selected This can be preseeded to change the default The default desktop environment of Fedora is GNOME, but if you prefer an alternative desktop environment such as KDE Plasma Desktop or Xfce, you can download a spin for your preferred desktop environment and use that to install Fedora, pre-configured for the desktop environment of your choice. Is RedHat Debian or Fedora? Fedora, CentOs, Oracle Linux are among those distribution developed. Each image has Debian with a specific desktop. The default desktop environment is GNOME. If you need to use SSH to connect to this system, you can also add the SSH server. Press Continue and then wait around 15 minutes while Debian is being installed. Bootloader. Since it is an EFI installation, the bootloader will install automatically. However, if you install in the legacy mode, you also. It is the continuation of Gnome 2, aka. MATE. GNOME is the default desktop environment on many major Linux distributions such as Ubuntu, Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, OpenSUSE, Zorin OS Core & Ultimate, Debian, Pop!_OS, and the list goes on. Ubuntu 21.04 GNOME. GNOME is a user-friendly distro in the case a user is already familiar with the Linux environment. Although, for new Linux.

Debian 8 RC1 Cinnamon Desktop amd64

Ubuntu (and Debian) has some Deepin applications in its repositories, but not the desktop environment. There's also a community-maintained distribution that ships with DDE by default: UbuntuDDE (there was also Manjaro Deepin, but that's no longer available). In fact, if you want to use the Deepin Desktop Environment on top of Ubuntu, the best. I just downloaded GNOME-Shell. And at screen it's give me to choose to set desktop environment, But I want to set GNOME as my default desktop environment. Although I tried the possible sugge..

Debian default desktop environmen

Setting MATE as Default Desktop Environment for startx on Fedora Posted on Jul 13, 2013 by Eric Ma. I ever discussed Starting KDE from Command Line by startx for KDE and GNOME. Recently, I installed MATE desktop on Fedora 17 and am very happy with it—dear, Gnome 2 is back. However, I checked the /etc/X11/xinit/Xclients script which is called by 'startx' and it only includes 'startkde. The default init system in Debian is systemd. In bullseye, a number of alternative init systems are supported (such as System-V-style init and OpenRC), and most desktop environments now work well on systems running alternative inits. Details on how to switch init system (and where to get help with issues related to running inits other than systemd) are availabl For this ITgirl.tech tutorial on how to switch your Ubuntu desktop, we are using GNOME 3 as the default desktop environment. You might wonder why we are using this particular desktop environment (DE) instead of, let's say, Xfce or LXDE. The fact is, your current DE doesn't matter that much. However, some of you might prefer to choose a different desktop than GNOME 3, which is the one. A desktop environment bundles together a variety of components to provide common graphical user interface elements such as icons, toolbars, wallpapers, and desktop widgets. Additionally, most desktop environments include a set of integrated applications and utilities. Most importantly, desktop environments provide their own window manager, which can however usually be replaced with another. As the name suggests, tweak tool is used to tweak the desktop settings in Debian 11. Tweak is a part of default OS installation. From Activities -> Search tweak and change your desktop look and feel by changing settings. 6) Enable Firewall. Even though Linux more secure than Windows, you still need to enable firewall for additional safety and security. In Debian, UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall.

Switching Between Desktop Environments. To switch between desktop environments on a Debian based distro run the following command: sudo update-alternatives --config x-session-manager. Then you should be presented with the desktop environments you have installed on your system so you can choose one of them KDE is the default desktop environment on AntergOS, Arch Linux, CentOS, Chakra, Debian, Fedora KDE FreeBSD, Gentoo, Knoppix, Linux Mint, Manjaro and many more. It is considered as one of the most customizable Linux desktop environments. KDE is available in two formats; KDE Plasma Desktop and KDE Plasma Netbook. One of the drawbacks of this desktop environment is that it is resource greedy. However, today we will explore a customization option that will allow you to easily change the default desktop environment of Debian 10. The Mate desktop environment can be used to change the overall look of your Debian 10 desktop. This article will show you how to quickly install the Mate Desktop Environment on the Debian 10 buster using the command line. Let's start the setup. Installation. However, today we will look at a customization option that will allow you to easily change the Debian 10 default desktop environment. The Mate desktop environment can be used to change general look of your Debian 10 desktop. In this article, you will learn how to quickly install the Mate desktop environment on a Debian 10 booster using the command line. Let's start setting up. Installing. Simply pick one of the desktop environment such as XFCE and make sure to check 'Debian desktop environment' also. Start to install the software by clicking 'ok'. 3. Reboot the server and then you may log in XFCE. [email protected]:~# reboot Desktop Remote Login. 1. Install XRDP and TigerVNC server [email protected]:~# apt-get install xrdp tigervnc-standalone-server. 2. Enable and start XRDP.

Video: Best desktop environments for Debian - Linux Hin

A desktop environment changes the look and feel of your system much more than a theme. What's more, you have quite few great options to choose from. Linux servers don't come with a desktop environment installed by default, and in most cases it's not needed. However there are cases when you do require a graphical user interface on your. It is the default desktop environment for many Linux distributions like Fedora and many popular Linux distributions like Ubuntu, Debian, and OpenSUSE, etc. also provide corresponding GNOME flavors. In 2011, GNOME 3 underwent a major update — instead of adopting the traditional Windows-style interface, it adopted a brand new design, which caused dissatisfaction among some users and developers. The GNOME desktop environment was first built for the Debian and the Ubuntu Linux system. Still, as it has considerable power of adaptability, it has become the default desktop environment of Fedora, SuSE, and all the other leading Linux distributions. On the other hand, the Cinnamon DE was first built for the Linux Mint. With a regular update and refurbishment, the Cinnamon desktop. The desktop environments don't work correctly. Mostly in gnome. You probably don't use gnome Debian stable if you haven't experienced these issues. Unless you joined late and those have been fixed. But I've tested all. Most have theming issues K Desktop Environment (KDE) is a free desktop environment and development platform built with Trolltech's Qt toolkit. It runs on most Unix and Unix-like systems, such as Linux, BSD and Solaris. install KDE in my Debian installation # apt-get install aptitude tasksel # aptitude --without-recommends install ~t^standard$ ~t^desktop$ ~t^kde-desktop

Does Debian changes its default desktop environment

DebianDesktopHowTo - Debian Wik

Because it is highly efficient, secure, and free. You'll get the best experience of the GNOME desktop environment in Debian. Debian comes with more than 50 thousand pre-compiled software, and all of them are totally free to use. Whatever the purposes are, it can be used in computers at home, businesses, and even public organizations. Besides, it can be customized to the user's requirements. GNOME has, for some reason or another, always been the default desktop environment in Debian since the installer is able to install a full desktop environment by default. Release after release, Debian has been shipping different versions of GNOME, first based on the venerable 1.2/1.4 series, then moving to the time-based GNOME 2.x series, and finally to the newly designed 3.4 series for the. Choose the desktop environment you want. If you want GNOME choose it. The reason you have the choices is because of the installation method you are using. 2. level 2. BCMM. 1 month ago. OP seems to be asking what happens if you do select Debian desktop environment, but don't select any of the options underneath it

Deepin Desktop Environment(DDE) is also a simple, elegant and productive desktop environment for Linux, developed by the makers of Deepin OS. It works on several other Linux distributions as well including Arch Linux, Ubuntu, Manjaro among others, it ships in with some well designed and sleek user interfaces for absolute productivity The GNOME 2.x series was used by default on Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian, and most other big Linux distributions. It was a simple, fairly lightweight desktop environment. After the transition to the new GNOME 3 with its GNOME Shell interface, Ubuntu and other distributions began moving away from GNOME. GNOME 3 was arguably too simple and stripped-down in terms of options and features — for example.

How to Install Xfce desktop on Debian 7 wheezy – BinaryTides

EnvironmentVariables - Debian Wik

If you select the KDE desktop environment, while installing Debian, the installer installs several extra desktop applications. Kmail, Knotes, Korganizer, Kaddressbook, to name just a few. Not all KDE users are interested in these extra desktop applications. However, when attempting to remove them, Debian removes the entire KDE. Luckily, a method exists to install just a minimal version of KDE. xfce4 desktop environment; Where to go from here? Well, XFCE is highly configurable. The default layout looks a bit dated, but do not be fooled by this. With a bit of tweaking, you can make it look very modern and appealing. Start by changing your desktop background and installing a different theme, for example arc-theme. Next, install a. Debian runs standard Gnome, XFCE, KDE - it doesn't use its own special desktop environment, which means that users benefit from the work of the whole Linux community, Debian developers can focus on the distribution itself, and any support for your desktop environment on other distributions should work on Debian as well. See More. Top Pro ••• Wide choice of hardware platforms. Debian has. Debian (/ ˈ d ɛ b i ə n /), also known as Debian GNU/Linux, is a Linux distribution composed of free and open-source software, developed by the community-supported Debian Project, which was established by Ian Murdock on August 16, 1993. The first version of Debian (0.01) was released on September 15, 1993, and its first stable version (1.1) was released on June 17, 1996

Installing Desktop Environment # Typically, Linux servers don't have a desktop environment installed by default. The first step is to install X11 and a desktop environment that will act as a backend for Xrdp. There are several desktop environments (DE) available in Debian repositories. We'll be installing Xfce. It is a fast, stable, and. Debian Edu 11 doesn't come with a live ISO with a desktop environment pre-installed, despite the fact that previous releases offered a dedicated Xfce image. However, users will be able to choose from the many desktop environments supported by Debian GNU/Linux, including KDE Plasma, GNOME, Xfce, LXQt, LXDE, Cinnamon, and MATE during the installation process. Xfce is still used as default. Package: gnome-desktop-environment Version: 1:2.22.2~5 Severity: important gnome-desktop-environment only Suggests: gnome-audio, and so when debian lenny is installed, the default installation does not install gnome-audio, and has to be installed manually. Is there a reason that gnome-audo is not installed with gnome-desktop-environment and/or debian lenny installation ? I would expect that.

On Debian 10/9, select the Debian Desktop Environment and KDE [Plasma] as shown below. Once the installation is done, reboot your system. When the system reboots, select Plasma as the Desktop session. Next, with your user password and you should land on KDE Plasma Desktop. Install KDE Plasma using Tasksel on Ubuntu 18.0 For me, the default Raspbian Desktop environment is just too simplistic. In this tutorial, I will guide you through installing and running Gnome. UPDATE: A few people have reported issues with the latest version of Gnome working with Raspberry Pi 4. Numerous Wi-Fi and keyboard issues prevent Gnome working correctly. I will update the post when I know more. While much improved, the default.

gnome - Debian Desktop Environment in Installer - Unix

SUBSCRIBE now for more: https://www.youtube.com/user/linuxscoop?sub_confirmation=1SUPPORT linuxscoop on patreon! https://patreon.com/linuxscoopMX Linux 19 ha.. Works for me: user@debian:/tmp$ xdg-settings get default-web-browser firefox-esr.desktop user@debian:/tmp$ xdg-settings set default-web-browser chromium.desktop user@debian:/tmp$ xdg-settings get default-web-browser chromium.desktop user@debian:/tmp$ -- Package-specific info: Desktop environment: XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=MATE -- System Information: Debian Release: bullseye/sid APT prefers testing.

LightDM Configuration - Chris Titus Tec

Debian packages and ROM image for the Sharp Zaurus PDA. Replaced by Ångström distribution. An official derivative of Ubuntu Linux using KDE instead of the GNOME (or Unity) desktop environment used by default in Ubuntu. Lubuntu: An official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system that is lighter, less resource hungry and more energy-efficient, using the LXQt desktop environment (used. Debootstrap bookworm, then install four desktop environments and the most commonly used applications and packages, then upgrade to sid.<br><br>Job configuration. * Update README and fix default configuration file syntax. aubio (0.4.9-4.1) unstable; urgency=medium . * Non-maintainer upload. * Change build-depends from libavresample-dev to libswresample-dev the build logs and binary dependencies indicate the package was already using libswresample ( Closes: 971319 ). bs1770gain (0.6.7-1) unstable; urgency=medium . [ Dennis Braun ] * New upstream version. I have installed multiple desktop environments when I started debian. I want to change the desktop environment to gnome but I do not know how. Stack Exchange Network . Stack Exchange network consists of 178 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Visit Stack Exchange. Loading. Instead of using .dmrc, Debian 6's GDM3 uses /var/cache/gdm/[USER]/dmrc.Setting your current session to the default one is as simple as running cp ~/.dmrc /var/cache.

Installing GNOME Desktop Environment on Debian 10 Minimal

Re: Debian default desktop environmen

Most Linux distributions offer a default desktop environment that fits best with its overall concept. I see it an orchestra of instruments all playing nicely together. Heavy environments also provide very complete software by default. Desktops like XFCE and LXDE come with lighter programs, but still will not let you down on productivity. Of course, you can add complete suites like LibreOffice. Crunchbang/Linux makes two versions one is with Openbox Window Manager and NO desktop environment. The other is with Xfce as a 'stand-alone' desktop . . . both a super fast and easy to configure. Both SalineOS and Crunchbang Statler are based on Debian Squeeze and use a Xfce as the default desktop environment To change the default display manager on Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, elementary OS and any Debian or Ubuntu-based Linux distribution we'll use dpkg-reconfigure, a tool provided by debconf, which can be used to reconfigure an already installed package by asking the configuration questions, much like when the package was first installed. So to change the default display manager, use this command

Best Linux Distros 2020 For All Users

Xfce - Debian Wik

Features. Based on Debian Unstable/sid. Uses Xfce as the desktop environment. Modified default configuration to give you the best desktop experience without losing the classic look and feel. Numix GTK+ theme by default, and other Shimmer Project themes pre-installed Install Gnome in Debian #apt-get install gnome This will install additional software (gnome-office, evolution) that you may or may not want. Custom. For a smaller set of apps, you can also do # aptitude install gnome-desktop-environment A set of additional productivity apps will be installed by # aptitude install gnome-fifth-toe Developers If you need development packages, e.g. for compiling. Desktop Environment. If you are a desktop user, Debian features KDE Plasma, Xfce, GNOME, LXQt, MATE, LXDE, and Cinnamon desktop environments. They receive their respective stable versions as summarised here: KDE Plasma 5.20; GNOME 3.38; Xfce 4.16; LXDE 10; MATE 1.24; Major Application and Package Updates. Other necessary applications including browser, graphics, etc are upgraded to: Firefox. How to Detect the Desktop Environment in Linux Command Line By Rahul March 6, 2019 1 Min Read Updated: March 16, 2019 There are multiple options available to identify the running desktop environment on a Linux desktop

10 Best Linux Desktop Environments And Their Comparison

After installation Debian 10 Buster, there could be a need to change a Desktop Environment to your favorite one. The default installation comes with a Gnome Desktop Environment. The Cinnamon Control Center gives you centralized access to many of the desktop configuration options. Install Cinnamon Desktop Environment on Debian 10 (Buster) Debian provides a command-line tool (tasksel) to ease. Debian doesn't come with KDE edition with every new release but you can easily install KDE Desktop Environment on Debian 10 (Buster) Linux. This installation is for users running a Desktop version of Debian 10 (Buster). If you're running Debian 10 in Cloud, or a hypervisor without GUI, or doesn't want to have GUI, this installation is not for you. Install KDE Desktop Environment on.

13.3. Grafische Arbeitsflächen - The Debian Administrator ..

Other noticeable feature of Debian 11 is that it has updated version of desktop environments like GNOME 3.38, KDE plasma 5.20, Xfce 4.16 and other OS package updates. In this post, we will demonstrate how to install Debian 11 step by step with screenshots. Before jump into the installations steps, let's check the minimum system requirements for Debian 11 . 2 GB RAM or more; Dual Core. Moreover, the installation of Xfce is not difficult on the Debian-based Linux distributions; we can easily install this Graphical user interface for Linux using the default package manager that is APT and the same is also true for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Linux Mint, and so on. Here is the command to install Xfce desktop Environment on Ubuntu: sudo apt install xfce4 . KDE Plasma Desktop Environment. Debian base Default desktop environment Release date Support End 1 Debian: 201403 Jessie (8) Cinnamon, MATE: 02 March 2014: 01 Linux Mint also develops an additional version that features the Xfce desktop environment by default but has generally had secondary priority and is usually released somewhat later than the two main editions. Beginning with the release of Linux Mint 19, the KDE. How to install KDE Plasma Desktop Environment in Kali Linux: Command: apt-get install kali-defaults kali-root- desktop-base kde-plasma-desktop How to install Standard Debian selected packages and frameworks in Kali Linux: Command: apt-get install kali-defaults kali-root- desktop-base kde-standard How to install KDE Full Install in. Best Linux desktops of 2021: choose your Linux desktop environment. The thought of a desktop environment as a separate entity from the operating system sounds foreign to most mainstream users.

Mate - This is the old default DE on our well-loved Ubuntu # CentOS or Red Hat Linux sudo yum groupinstall GNOME Desktop # Ubuntu/Debian based operating systems sudo apt install tasksel #Tasksel installs related and dependent packages automatically sudo tasksel install desktop gnome-desktop #Using tasksel to install 2. XFCE - Best Lightweight Desktop Environment. Xfce. Official. The default user is debian and the default password is debian. The start up should take a few minutes. If it has been more than 10 minutes without showing the Gnome Desktop log-in then remove the power from the BeagleBone Black and re-apply it. If this desktop seems to heavy or slow on your BeagleBone Black you may try the less strenuous LXDE. The Debian 10 buster image is about 2 GB in size (if you choose to have a desktop environment with it), so I would recommand that you choose an USB drive that is at least 3GB large or more. If you don't have a USB drive that large, you can opt for minimal versions of Debian 10 Buster Debian 8.0 Jessie switches back to GNOME as the default desktop environment. In Debian 7.0 Wheezy, Xfce was the default. GNOME fought back and has improved immensely since then. Specifically. Permanently Switch Desktop Environments. Use the following to make a selected Desktop Environment your primary one (i.e. Make Gnome or KDE etc. your default desktop environment.) update-alternatives --config x-session-manager. Don't forget to read How to install/remove different Desktop Environment or Window Manager in Kali Linux 1.x